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Cernavoda_254x180The Cernavoda Unit 1 nuclear power plant—the first CANDU in Europe—provides about 10 per cent of Romania’s electricity requirements, saving millions of dollars in oil imports.

Romania realizes an annual savings equivalent to USD $100 million by using nuclear generated electricity instead of fossil fuel. And because a nuclear plant does not emit greenhouse gases that contribute to acid rain and global warming, Unit 1 has avoided the release of more than four million tonnes per year of carbon dioxide (CO2) that would have been produced had a fossil fuel plant been built instead.

The European Union’s second CANDU nuclear power plant, Unit 2, was officially placed in service on Friday, Oct. 5, 2007. Together with Unit 1, the CNE-Cernavoda Station is the largest power producer in the country.

Cernavoda 2 has had exceptional performance since in-service and has joined Cernavoda 1 as a world class performing nuclear plant. Together with Unit 2, nuclear power now accounts for about 20 per cent of Romania’s energy supply and significantly reduces its dependency on expensive energy resources from outside of Europe.

Canada’s CANDU technology has contributed to Romania’s healthy nuclear industry, and has proven to be an important economic asset for the country. CANDU technology also enhances energy self-sufficiency as both nuclear fuel and heavy water are produced by Romania.


Major Project Milestones

 Gross Output 

First Containment Concrete
(reactor building base slab) 

Start of Fuel Loading First Synchronization In-Service 
Unit 1 706 MWe 

Summer 1982 

May 29, 1995 July 11, 1996 Dec. 2, 1996 
Unit 2 706 MWe Summer 1982 Feb. 14, 2007 Aug. 7, 2007 Oct. 5, 2007